Human Factors 6
PA.I.H.R3 Distractions, loss of situational awareness, or improper task management.
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1. What is the one common factor which affects most preventable accidents?
Answer (C) is correct. (AC 60-22) Most preventable accidents, such as fuel starvation or exhaustion, VFR flight into IFR conditions leading to disorientation, and flight into known icing, have one common factor: human error. Pilots who are involved in accidents usually know what went wrong. In the interest of expediency, cost savings, or other often irrelevant factors, the wrong course of action (decision) was chosen.
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2. What is one of the neglected items when a pilot relies on short and long term memory for repetitive tasks?
Answer (B) is correct. (AC 60-22) Neglect of checklists, flight planning, preflight inspections, etc., indicates a pilot’s unjustified reliance on their short- and long-term memory for repetitive flying tasks.
3 / 4
3. What often leads to spatial disorientation or collision with ground/obstacles when flying under Visual Flight Rules (VFR)?
Answer (C) is correct. (AC 60-22) Continuing VFR flight into instrument conditions often leads to spatial disorientation or collision with ground/obstacles due to the loss of outside visual references. It is even more dangerous if the pilot is not instrument qualified or current.
4 / 4
4. What is it often called when a pilot pushes his or her capabilities and the aircraft’s limits by trying to maintain visual contact with the terrain in low visibility and ceiling?
Answer (B) is correct. (AC 60-22) Scud running refers to a pilot pushing his or her capabilities and the aircraft’s limits by trying to maintain visual contact with the terrain while flying with a low visibility or ceiling. Scud running is a dangerous (and often illegal) practice that may lead to a mishap. This dangerous tendency must be identified and eliminated.
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